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emacs-29 ceacf753958 1/2: Fix usage of `setq-default' and offer more sug

From: Eli Zaretskii
Subject: emacs-29 ceacf753958 1/2: Fix usage of `setq-default' and offer more suggestions
Date: Sun, 24 Dec 2023 03:46:43 -0500 (EST)

branch: emacs-29
commit ceacf75395834c452b43932c19df7e3202a16094
Author: Xiyue Deng <manphiz@gmail.com>
Commit: Eli Zaretskii <eliz@gnu.org>

    Fix usage of `setq-default' and offer more suggestions
    cd61af0 changed from default-major-mode to major-mode in the first
    code sample but didn't change the rest.  This patch fixes this and add
    some explanations of why use `setq-default' instead of `setq'.  In
    addition, it gives background on suggesting using text-mode as default
    mode and suggest other alternatives.
    * doc/lispintro/emacs-lisp-intro.texi (Text and Auto-fill): Fix usage
    of `setq-default' and offer more suggestions.  (Bug#67848)
 doc/lispintro/emacs-lisp-intro.texi | 20 ++++++++++++++------
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/doc/lispintro/emacs-lisp-intro.texi 
index 4a0e8dfa1fc..26a405361de 100644
--- a/doc/lispintro/emacs-lisp-intro.texi
+++ b/doc/lispintro/emacs-lisp-intro.texi
@@ -16892,8 +16892,12 @@ remember to look here to remind myself.
 @node Text and Auto-fill
 @section Text and Auto Fill Mode
-Now we come to the part that turns on Text mode and
-Auto Fill mode.
+Now we come to the part that turns on Text mode and Auto Fill
+mode.@footnote{This section suggests settings that are more suitable
+for writers.  For programmers, the default mode will be set to the
+corresponding prog-mode automatically based on the type of the file.
+And it's perfectly fine if you want to keep the fundamental mode as
+the default mode.}
@@ -16945,15 +16949,19 @@ Here is the line again; how does it work?
 @cindex Text Mode turned on
-(setq major-mode 'text-mode)
+(setq-default major-mode 'text-mode)
 @end smallexample
 This line is a short, but complete Emacs Lisp expression.
-We are already familiar with @code{setq}.  It sets the following
-variable, @code{major-mode}, to the subsequent value, which is
-@code{text-mode}.  The single-quote before @code{text-mode} tells
+We are already familiar with @code{setq}.  We use a similar macro
+@code{setq-default} to set the following variable,
+@code{major-mode}@footnote{We use @code{setq-default} because
+@code{text-mode} is buffer local.  If we use @code{setq} it will only
+apply to the current buffer, and using @code{setq-default} will also
+apply this to newly created buffers.}, to the subsequent value, which
+is @code{text-mode}.  The single-quote before @code{text-mode} tells
 Emacs to deal directly with the @code{text-mode} symbol, not with
 whatever it might stand for.  @xref{setq, , Setting the Value of
 a Variable}, for a reminder of how @code{setq} works.  The main point

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