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[SCM] GNU M4 source repository branch, master, updated. cvs-readonly-107

From: Eric Blake
Subject: [SCM] GNU M4 source repository branch, master, updated. cvs-readonly-107-gbc9b4d7
Date: Sat, 03 May 2008 19:41:44 +0000

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The branch, master has been updated
       via  bc9b4d7bf16c7571efe03debaf2c6f1d52a6a08d (commit)
      from  1dd98ea10e065300cfa110b7305362c1f12ed00f (commit)

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- Log -----------------------------------------------------------------
commit bc9b4d7bf16c7571efe03debaf2c6f1d52a6a08d
Author: Eric Blake <address@hidden>
Date:   Sat May 3 13:31:14 2008 -0600

    Document define_blind.
    * doc/m4.texinfo (Ifelse): Add a new composite macro.
    * THANKS: Update.
    Suggested by Mike R.
    Signed-off-by: Eric Blake <address@hidden>


Summary of changes:
 ChangeLog      |    7 ++++++
 THANKS         |    1 +
 doc/m4.texinfo |   57 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 65 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/ChangeLog b/ChangeLog
index 44df370..cd1f927 100644
--- a/ChangeLog
+++ b/ChangeLog
@@ -1,3 +1,10 @@
+2008-05-03  Eric Blake  <address@hidden>
+       Document define_blind.
+       * doc/m4.texinfo (Ifelse): Add a new composite macro.
+       * THANKS: Update.
+       Suggested by Mike R.
 2008-05-01  Eric Blake  <address@hidden>
        Avoid -Wshadow compiler warnings.
diff --git a/THANKS b/THANKS
index 4fd8db4..807bd1b 100644
--- a/THANKS
+++ b/THANKS
@@ -97,6 +97,7 @@ Mike Andrews          address@hidden
 Mike Frysinger         address@hidden
 Mike Howard            address@hidden
 Mike Lijewski          address@hidden
+Mike R.                        address@hidden
 Mikhail Teterin                address@hidden
 Nelson H. F. Beebe     address@hidden
 Nick S. Kanakakorn     address@hidden
diff --git a/doc/m4.texinfo b/doc/m4.texinfo
index c593a8d..75d7fc8 100644
--- a/doc/m4.texinfo
+++ b/doc/m4.texinfo
@@ -2996,6 +2996,63 @@ foo(`a', `b', `c')
 @end example
+Since m4 is a macro language, it is even possible to write a macro that
+makes defining blind macros easier:
address@hidden Composite define_blind (@var{name}, @ovar{value})
+Defines @var{name} as a blind macro, such that @var{name} will expand to
address@hidden only when given explicit arguments.  @var{value} should not
+be the result of @code{defn} (@pxref{Defn}).  This macro is only
+recognized with parameters, and results in an empty string.
address@hidden deffn
+Defining a macro to define another macro can be a bit tricky.  We want
+to use a literal @samp{$#} in the argument to the nested @code{define}.
+However, if @samp{$} and @samp{#} are adjacent in the definition of
address@hidden, then it would be expanded as the number of
+arguments to @code{define_blind} rather than the intended number of
+arguments to @var{name}.  The solution is to pass the difficult
+characters through extra arguments to a helper macro
+As for the limitation against using @code{defn}, there are two reasons.
+If a macro was previously defined with @code{define_blind}, then it can
+safely be renamed to a new blind macro using plain @code{define}; using
address@hidden to rename it just adds another layer of
address@hidden, occupying memory and slowing down execution.  And if a
+macro is a builtin, then it would result in an attempt to define a macro
+consisting of both text and a builtin token; this is not supported, and
+the builtin token is flattened to an empty string.
+With that explanation, here's the definition, and some sample usage.
+Notice that @code{define_blind} is itself a blind macro.
+$ @kbd{m4 -d}
+define(`define_blind', `ifelse(`$#', `0', ``$0'',
+`_$0(`$1', `$2', `$'`#', `$'`0')')')
+define(`_define_blind', `define(`$1',
+`ifelse(`$3', `0', ``$4'', `$2')')')
+define_blind(`foo', `arguments were $*')
address@hidden were bar
+define(`blah', defn(`foo'))
+blah(`a', `b')
address@hidden were a,b
address@hidden(`$#', `0', ``$0'', `arguments were $*')
address@hidden example
 @cindex multibranches
 @cindex switch statement
 @cindex case statement

GNU M4 source repository

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