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Re: [Qemu-trivial] [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v2] add macro file for coccinelle

From: Paolo Bonzini
Subject: Re: [Qemu-trivial] [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v2] add macro file for coccinelle
Date: Wed, 9 Sep 2015 11:51:21 +0200
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:38.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/38.1.0

On 08/09/2015 20:35, Markus Armbruster wrote:
>> > Having not used Coccinelle yet, what happens if any of these functions
>> > become desynchronized ?
> Coccinelle transforms C to C.  Problem: if you parse C the normal way
> (first run preprocessor, then the parser proper), you have to unparse
> and unpreprocess at the end to get a useful result.  Unparsing is easy,
> but unpreprocessing is hard.
> Instead, Coccinelle tries to parse *unpreprocessed* C.  Works most of
> the time, because most uses of function-like macros can be treated as if
> they were function calls, and most uses of object-like macros can be
> treated as if they were values.
> When it doesn't work, Coccinelle needs to resort to magic and / or skip
> over some code it can't decipher.  The latter is undesirable, because if
> the skipped code contains something we'd like to transform, we won't.
> Part of the magic is treating "bad" macros specially.  --macro-file
> helps with that part: macros defined there are "bad".  Sorry, I can't
> really explain it, -EMAGIC.  /usr/share/coccinelle/standard.h is used by
> default.
> So what happens when the this file gets out of sync?  Worst case is
> Coccinelle misses a pattern it could find if it was in sync.
> Provided the macro file makes sense initially, a moderately bit-rotten
> version is still almost certainly better than nothing.

Great answer.  I'll only add that exactly the same issue happens with
the Coverity model.


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